standard


standard
standard [stan′dərd]
n.
[ME < OFr estendard < Frank * standord, place of formation < Gmc * standan, to STAND + * ort, a place, orig., a point, akin to OE ord (see ODD): hence, orig., a standing place]
1. any figure or object, esp. a flag or banner, used as an emblem or symbol of a leader, people, military unit, etc.; specif.,
a) Heraldry a long, tapering flag used as an ensign, as by a king
b) Mil. the colors of a cavalry unit
2. something established for use as a rule or basis of comparison in measuring or judging capacity, quantity, content, extent, value, quality, etc. [standard of weight and measure]
3.
a) the proportion of pure gold or silver and base metal prescribed for use in coinage
b) the basis for the measure of value in a given monetary system: see GOLD STANDARD, SILVER STANDARD
4. the type, model, or example commonly or generally accepted or adhered to; criterion set for usages or practices [moral standards]
5. a level of excellence, attainment, etc. regarded as a measure of adequacy
6. any upright object used as a support, often a part of the thing it supports; supporting piece; base; stand
7. a former grade or class designation in a British elementary school
8. a piece of popular music that continues to be included in the repertoire of many bands, singers, etc. through the years
9. Bot.
a) the large, upper petal of a butterfly-shaped flower; vexillum
b) any of the three erect petals in the flower of an iris
10. Hort.
a) a tree or shrub with a tall, erect stem, that stands alone without support
b) a plant grafted on a single erect stem to grow in tree form
adj.
1. used as, or meeting the requirements of, a standard, rule, model, etc.
2. generally accepted as reliable or authoritative [standard reference books]
3. conforming to what is usual; regular or typical; not special or extra; ordinary [standard procedure]
4. Linguis.
a) of or in accord with the level of usage of most educated speakers of a language and established as the prestigious form of that language
b) [S-] designating the prestigious dialect of a given language [Standard American English]
SYN.- MODEL, STANDARD applies to some measure, principle, model, etc. with which things of the same class are compared in order to determine their quantity, value, quality, etc. [standard of purity for drugs ]; CRITERION applies to a test or rule for measuring the excellence, fitness, or correctness of something [mere memory is no accurate criterion of intelligence ]; GAUGE literally applies to a standard of measurement [a wire gauge], but figuratively it is equivalent to CRITERION [sales are an accurate gauge of a book's popularity ]; YARDSTICK refers to a test or criterion for measuring genuineness or value [time is the only true yardstick of a book's merit ]

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • standard — STÁNDARD, standarde, s.n. 1. Normă sau ansamblu de norme care reglementează calitatea, caracteristicile (caracteristic), forma etc. unui produs; document în care sunt consemnate (consemna) aceste norme. ♦ (concr.) Produs realizat pe baza unui… …   Dicționar Român

  • Standard — Stand ard, a. 1. Being, affording, or according with, a standard for comparison and judgment; as, standard time; standard weights and measures; a standard authority as to nautical terms; standard gold or silver. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence: Having a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Standard — Stand ard ( [ e]rd), n. [OF. estendart, F. [ e]tendard, probably fr. L. extendere to spread out, extend, but influenced by E. stand. See {Extend}.] 1. A flag; colors; a banner; especially, a national or other ensign. [1913 Webster] His armies, in …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Standard e-1 — Constructeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • standard — stan·dard n 1: something established by authority, custom, or general consent as a model, example, or point of reference the standard of the reasonable person 2: something established by authority as a rule for the measure of quantity, weight,… …   Law dictionary


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